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شعبة البيئة البحرية

 

:تتكون شعبة البيئة البحرية من تسع معامل وهى

  • 1- معمل الطبيعة البحرية:


1- Physical Laboratory

Physical oceanography focuses on describing and understanding the evolving patterns of Mediterranean and Red Sea circulation and fluid motion, along with the distribution of its properties such as temperature, salinity and the concentration of dissolved chemical elements and gases. It also takes place in studying the dynamic of the two seas and prediction of climatic change.

 

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 2- معمل الجيولوجيا والجيوفيزياء البحرية:

 

2- Marine geology and Geophysical lab

Marin geology focuses on the study of the history and structure of the Mediterranan and Red sea floor. It involves , geochemical, sedimentological and paleontological investigations of the sea floor and.

 

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3- معمل الهيدروبيولوجى :

 

3- Hydrobiological Lab

Hydrobiology is the science of life and life processes in water. Much of modern hydrobiology can be viewed as a sub-discipline of ecology but the sphere of hydrobiology includes economic biology, industrial biology, morphology, physiology etc. The one distinguishing aspect is that all relate to aquatic organisms.

 

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4- الكيمياء البحرية:

 

4- Marine Chemistry Lab

Marine Chemistry concerns chemical processes and the composition of marine water bodies. This can involve a wide range of parameters including the monitoring of dissolved inorganic chemicals and the chemistry of particulate organic matter. A major use of marine chemistry is through pollution regulation and monitoring in marine environmental protection.

 

 

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5- معمل التلوث البحرى :

 

5- Marine Pollution Lab

Marine pollution includes a range of threats including from land-based sources, oil spills, untreated sewage, heavy siltation, eutrophication (nutrient enrichment), invasive species, persistent organic pollutants (POP’s), heavy metals from mine tailings and other sources, acidification, radioactive substances, marine litter, overfishing and destruction of coastal and marine habitats

 

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6- معمل عمليات الشواطئ :

6- Shore Processor Lab

Coastal research has focused on hydrodynamics, sediment transport and morphodynamic processes in depositional coastal environments (beaches, shore face and estuaries).

 

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7- معمل الميكروبيولوجى :

 

7- Marine Microbiological Lab

The main focus of research in Marine Microbiology (MI) is on biodiversity studies of marine microorganisms from characteristic marine habitats.

Main Research Topics:

• Marine Microbial Diversity

• Microbial Interactions

• Marine Microbial Resources

• Biology of Marine Fungi

 

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8- معمل تصنيف الأحياء البحرية :

 

8- Taxonomy Lab

The science of taxonomy classifies species into evolutionary relationships to help identify organisms and name species. Taxonomy is also referred to as scientific classification.

The Science of Classification

It is responsible for the discovery of new species, analysis and compilation of collected data, and the release of new information to the public, including other scientists. The research requires valuable identification skills, the ability to categorize and recognize species relationships, an understanding of ecosystems and ecology, knowledge of species distribution, and the ability to determine keystone species. They must also be able to submit data and explain the synthesis clearly for people in communities.

 

 

 

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9- معمل التقنية الحيوية:

 

9- Biotechnology and natural product Lab

Marine Biotechnology is the study of how the various organisms and actions of the Mediterranean and Red seas can be used to provide services and products to us.

Marine Biotechnology can provide many solutions to Industry and Agriculture, including environmentally friendly pesticides and salt-resistant enzymes that are helpful in many industrial applications.

 

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القوى البشرية: Human Resources

شعبة البيئة البحرية غنية بقواها البشرية حيث أن قوام عدد الباحثين بها يبلغ 246 باحثا ما بين أستاذ ومعيد موزعة على المعامل المختلفة ويساعدهم حوالى 40 أخصائيا من الشباب المتميز علميا. وتمتاز هذه الكوكبة من العلماء بتنوع تخصصاتهم فى العديد من المجالات العلمية المرتبطة بالبيئة البحرية.

 

Marine Environment Division is rich with its human resource.  It has about 246 researchers between Professor and assistant researcher  and about 40 specialists from young outstanding scientifically  people. The advantage of this constellation of scientists are  that they diverse in many scientific branches related to the marine environment fields.

الإمكانيات المعملية: Scientific possibilities

 

تتميز شعبة البيئة بتواجد العديد من الأجهزة العلمية التى تستخدم فى كل من الرحلات البحرية والتحليلات المعملية وهى كالآتى:

 

Environment Division is characterized by the presence of many of the scientific instruments used in each of the cruise and laboratory analysis which are as the follows

  • 1-الأجهزة البحرية: Marine Instruments

 

 

 

     
  • جهاز قياس درجة الحرارة والملوحة (CTD) ماركة SEA BIRD
   Sediments Sampling  
  • كباش لجمع عينات الرسوبيات  
 
 
        
  • جهاز سبر الأعماق (Ecosonder)
   Eco-Sounder Fish finder    
       
Rosetta  
  • شبكات لجمع العينات البيولوجية (nets)
 
       

 

جهاز قياس التيارات البحرية                          ( AANNDERA)

 
  • جهاز قياس مستوى سطح البحر  ( sea level gauge)
 
       
  • جهاز قياس الأمواج (SonTech)
     

 

 

Laboratory Instruments

In The marine environment many basic devices are available among them microscopes - Portable incubator - centrifuges- Rotary Evaporator - Laser particle size analyzer - Electric Agate Mortar - beside some modern devices which are used in laboratory measurements, including, for example:

Atomic absorption GC

GC mass

PCR

About Us

National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries (NIOF)

NIOF is one of the twelve national research institutes affiliated to the Ministry of State for Scientific Research of Egypt and the most well-established and oldest one in the Middle East and the Arab region. It was established to be specialized in oceanography and fisheries scientific research whereas its policy is being implemented through research programs of all specializations of oceanography, fisheries and aquaculture.